Urology Treatment in Bangalore
What is Urology?
Urology is the study and treatment of diseases of the male and female urinary systems and male reproductive organs. A Urologist needs to study internal medicine, paediatrics, gynaecology, and other specialties as there could be a number of other medical problems associated with urological problems. The urinary tract in women opens in front of the vagina while the urinary tract in men extends over the reproductive system. Due to the reproductive organs and urinary system in men and women being very closely linked to each other, any problem can affect both the systems.
Urologic Oncology is concerned with treatment of cancer of the genitourinary organs like testicles, kidneys, bladder, adrenal glands, prostate, penis, and ureters. Physicians who diagnose and treat advanced stages of genitourinary cancers are known as Uro-Oncologists.
Paediatric Urology is concerned with urologic diseases in children like enuresis, vesicoureteral reflux, congenital abnormalities, absent or undescended testes, underdeveloped genitalia, etc.
It is primarily concerned with urinary incontinence, overactive bladder and pelvic organ prolapsed. Proper knowledge of urodynamic skills along with female pelvic floor together is required for diagnosing and treating these disorders.
Neuro-urology deals with problems of the nervous system that controls the urinary system. Brain, spinal cord and nerves control the functions of the bladder. Injury to the spinal cord, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis can affect functions of lower urinary tract and can cause urinary retention and urinary incontinence.
Andrology is concerned with anomalies of male reproductive system like erectile dysfunction, male infertility and problems with ejaculation. Andrology and endocrinology are intertwined as male reproduction system is controlled by hormones.
The common urology procedures include –
- Bladder surgery
- Renal (Kidney) surgery
- Surgery to the penis
- Kidney removal (nephrectomy)
- Urethra surgery
- Surgery of the ureters such as removal of calculus in the ureters or ureterolithotomy
- Testicular surgery
- Removal of the prostate or prostatic surgery
- Pelvic lymph node dissection
When medication and non-surgical treatment fails to cure the disease, then surgical treatment is advised. Surgery can be recommended for prostate cancer, kidney or bladder cancer, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, vesicoureteral reflux, etc.
Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy: This is a minimally invasive procedure which is done mainly for bladder cancer. Da Vinci surgical system is employed in which movements of the surgeon are mimicked by a robotic arm so as to increase accuracy.
Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: This minimally invasive procedure is done for treatment of prostate cancer. The prostate is resected in order to treat the cancer.
Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: This minimally-invasive procedure is done to repair scarring due to injury or congenital scarring or tapering of the portion where the ureter is connected to the kidney. This is an effective and safe procedure requiring a short hospital stay and few incisions.
Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: This minimally invasive procedure is done for resecting small renal tumours and preservation of adjacent kidney tissue. This procedure requires a short hospital stay and a small incision. Post-operative pain is minimal and recovery is quick.