Multi Organ Transplant in Bangalore

What is Multi Organ Transplant?

Organ transplant is a procedure wherein a diseased or non-functioning organ is removed and replaced with an organ taken from another person either living or dead.  Transplantation is done when an organ has become diseased or non-functioning, and cannot be cured by conservative (medical) or surgical treatments.  Organs suitable for transplantation are kidneys, eyes, liver, heart and lungs.  Tissues that are suitable for transplantation are bone marrow, valves, middle ear tendons, skin.  The transplanted organ or a tissue is known as a graft.

Which human organs are suitable for transplantation?

Following organs can be transplanted –

  • Intestine
  • Heart and Lungs ( both can be transplanted simultaneously)
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Pancreas and Kidney (both can be transplanted simultaneously)
  • Kidney
  • Pancreas

Organ Transplant Matching Process

Factors while planning organ matching and allocation

Logistics as well as biological features are extensively examined so as to allocate it to the best matched receiver. The matching parameters consist of,

  • Distance between the donor and receiver.
  • Size of the organ and blood group.
  • Duration of time while waiting for the transplant.
  • Factors to be determined prior to organ matching.
  • Age and urgency of the recipient.
  • Compatibility of the immune system of the recipient and donor.

Organ Procuring Process

  • Availability of an organ.
  • UNOS will then list the potential candidates.
  • Inform the transplant centre about organ availability.
  • Processing the organ for the candidate.
  • The organ may or may not be accepted.

Organ Transplant Waiting List

To get enrolled on the national waiting list, it is mandatory to go to a transplant hospital.  The doctor decides on the eligibility of the patient listed for receiving a transplant.  Before coming to a decision, the doctor needs to examine the patient extensively and do all the pre-procedural investigations.

Organ Distribution Policy

When the organ becomes available, it first needs to be offered locally.  If there is no requirement locally, then it needs to be offered regionally.  Finally, the organ can be offered nationally when there is no local or regional requirement.

Organ Donation Facts

Criteria for organ donation

  • The donor should be above 18 years.
  • In case the organ is taken from a deceased donor, complete medical examination is done to determine whether the organ is suitable enough to be donated.
  • Organ is considered as unsuitable from a donor who suffers with HIV, kidney or heart disease, severe infection, or any type of cancer.

Organ Donors

Even brain dead individuals can donate organs.  An individual who has suffered either a pathological or traumatic injury to the region of the brain which controls breathing and heartbeat, that individual is considered as brain dead. A brain dead individual is considered as suitable to donate organs.

Living Donor:  A living donor can be a member of the family like parents, sister or brother. A living donor is eligible to donate fluid, renewable cells or tissues. The living donor is also eligible to donate small intestine, a section of the liver and solitary kidney.

Deceased Donor (cadaveric): These donors are brain dead individuals whose organs are preserved till such time when they can be transplanted.