IVF

Infertility Treatment in Bangalore

Infertility treatment is needed by those women who have problems conceiving or are not able to conceive at all.  This treatment helps women in conceiving or becoming pregnant.  Treatment to help women become pregnant is gaining popularity.

What is infertility?

Infertility means failure to conceive a child naturally.  When a woman is unable to conceive even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for a year, she is deemed to be infertile.  Either the man or woman or both can have infertility problems.  Infertility also refers to a state when a woman cannot carry the pregnancy to it full term.

 

Causes of Infertility

In a normal reproduction process proper interaction between the female and male reproductive

system is required. Following are the causes of infertility (both men and women):

  • Sperm causes
  • Ovulation problems
  • Tubal causes
  • Age-related factors
  • Unexplained infertility

Infertility Treatment Options

Ovulation induction

It is used when women have irregular ovulation. Medicines are prescribed to regulate the ovulation cycle and improve the quality of the egg.  Common drugs are purified and recombinant FSH, Clomiphene Citrate, HMG.

 

IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination): A procedure where processed semen is inserted in the uterus using a catheter.

IVF (Invitro Fertilization): IVF is the process of fertilizing the ovum (embryo) outside the body and then placing it inside the uterus.

 

ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection):  In this process, fertilization is caused by injecting a single sperm into the cytoplasm of an egg.

 

TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration):  A surgical sperm harvesting method.

 

Embryo Freezing Excess (Surplus):  Cryo-preservation of embryos at ultra low temperatures for a period of time to be used when needed.

 

Assisted Hatching:  This procedure is done to enable the embryo to emerge intact from the outer layer to facilitate pregnancy.

 

Semen/Sperm freezing: Semen/Sperm are frozen at ultra low temperatures and stored for a period of time to be used when needed.

 

Types of Infertility

Primary Infertility: – Inability to conceive even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for a year.

Secondary Infertility: Inability to conceive or continue the pregnancy to term after successfully giving birth previously.

Subfertility: This is described as inadequate fertility to become pregnant.  Age is a major factor of subfertility.

Male Infertility: – Absence of healthy sperms in the semen to fertilise the ovum.

Female Infertility:  This occurs when the female reproductive organs are not functioning adequately.

 

Diagnosis for Fertility:

For Male:  Basic blood and urine tests along with semen analysis.

For Female: Routine blood tests for Rubella, FSH/LH, FBS, IgG levels, day-2 prolactin, etc.

Following tests are done according to the doctor’s advice:

  • Serum FSH
  • Serum LH
  • Serum PRL
  • Serum TSH

A doctor may suggest other tests or procedures which include,

HSG (Hysterosalpingogram):  X-ray images of the uterus (Hyster) and Fallopian tubes (Salping).

Trans-vaginal Ultra Sonogram: Done to look for any irregularity in the ovaries, tubes and uterus.

Laparoscopic Hysteroscopy: Done to visualise the inside of the uterus using an endoscope.

Laparoscopy:  Done to visualise the peritoneal cavity with an endoscope.

Treatment is decided based on the outcome of the procedures.

Cost of Infertility Treatments in India

Infertility treatment in India through MediConnect India is quite cost effective with a success rate of 25% to 30% depending on the problem.

Opinions from other super specialty hospitals can be arranged at no cost prior to consultations with physicians from our affiliated hospitals.