Gynaecology

Overview

The branch of physiology and medicine which deals with the functions and diseases specific to women and girls, especially those affecting the reproductive system.

What is a gynecologist?

A gynecologist are doctors who specialize in women’s health, treats patients with female reproductive organs, whether or not they identify as women. An obstetrician is a kind of gynecologist who specializes in pregnancy and childbirth

Functions of a gynecologist

Gynecologists use a range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Some of the procedures that are widely used in gynecology include:-

  • Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
  • Ovary removal
  • Removal of fallopian tubes during surgery
  • Taking cone biopsies from the inner walls of the uterus if cancer of the womb is suspected
  • Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, where the insides of the uterus are viewed using endoscope like instruments
  • Taking biopsy or tissue samples from the cervix, if cancer is suspected
  • Taking routine Pap smears from the cervix in order to diagnose and detect cervix cancer
  • Ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs
  • Laparoscopy or visualizing the inner abdominal organs of the female reproductive system and diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes
  • Removal of uterus fibroids
  • Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
  • Diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence
  • Diagnosis problems with menstruation like absence, heavy bleeding, irregular or no-onset of menstruation etc.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of cancers of cervix, vagina, vulva, uterus or ovary along with a team of physicians and surgeons including an oncologist or cancer specialist.