Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics Surgery in Bangalore

Orthopaedic Surgery involves evaluation, investigation and treatment pertaining to the problems of musculoskeletal system. Surgical and non-surgical methods are employed to treat a range of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases like spinal degeneration, infections, and congenital disorders to name a few.

The term Orthopedics is derived from two Greek words, ortho which means straight and pais which means child. Formerly, braces were used by orthopaedic surgeons to repair bony deformities in children, however, with progress in the effectiveness of anesthesia and importance of aseptic techniques in surgery, orthopedic surgeons have begun using them in orthopaedic procedures.  Orthopaedic procedures are performed by surgeons who have the expertise to deal with abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system.

Some of the conditions and diseases an orthopaedic surgeon treats include:

  • Abnormalities of the fingers and toes.
  • Back pain, ruptured disks, sciatica and scoliosis.
  • Bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy.
  • Club foot, bunions, bow legs, knock knees and unequal leg length.
  • Fractures and dislocations.
  • Growth abnormalities.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Sports or work-related injuries.
  • Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, bursitis and torn cartilage.
  • Torn ligaments, sprains and strains.

What Types of Surgeries do Orthopaedic Surgeons Perform?

A wide range of procedures are performed by Orthopaedic surgeons. To name a few, they include hand reconstruction, amputation, spinal fusion, joint replacements, etc. Surgeons also treat fractures, sprains, dislocations and similar type of anomalies.

Common surgeries include:

  • Arthroscopy
  • Fusion –
  • Internal Fixation
  • Osteotomy Soft Tissue Repair

Types of Orthopaedic Surgery

Joint replacements:

Over a period of time joints lose their flexibility due to damage to the cartilage causing pain and discomfort.  In such cases any movement becomes very painful and a person feels miserable.  Joint replacement surgery is done to restore movement and alleviate pain.  Most of the joint replacement surgeries are done on hips and knees.  Cementless implant is the latest addition to the orthopaedic procedures done for customized fittings to increase durability.

There are various kinds of joint replacement surgeries:

  • Total hip replacement
  • Total knee replacement
  • Total shoulder replacement
  • Total elbow replacement
  • Partial Knee Replacement
  • Wrist replacement
  • Hand joint (small) replacement surgery
  • Ankle joint replacement
  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery [MIKRS]

Arthroscopic (Keyhole) surgery

Arthroscopic surgeries require an incision the size of a keyhole, hence they are also known as Keyhole surgeries.  This procedure is mainly done to operate on the joints. Patients who have undergone keyhole surgery recover faster than patients who have undergone traditional surgery. Keyhole surgery is done at many areas of body like knee, ankle, shoulder, etc.  Keyhole surgery is widely used to perform on the knee joints.

Arthroscopic surgery for problems in knee, shoulder, elbow and ankle, deals with the following:

  • Trauma and Fracture surgery
  • High quality Swiss ‘AO’ systems help stabilize fractures
  • Image intensifier, confirms perfect fracture fixations
  • Fusion of joints
  • Ilizarov and External Fixation Device Management of open fractures
  • Infected non-union of long bones
  • Limb lengthening
  • Correction of deformities

Spinal Surgery

Spinal surgery is done to correct degenerative conditions, congenital disorders and developmental disorders of the spine. Spine surgery program is an exhaustive interdisciplinary program that includes the services of neurosurgeons, neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, physical rehabilitation program and pharmacology. Technological advancements are happening in the field of pharmacology along with conventional disc surgeries of back and neck, spinal tumors, endoscopic spinal surgery and microscopic surgeries.

Spine surgery also includes:

  • Microsurgery for disc fractures
  • Surgery for rectifying spinal deformities
  • Surgery for spinal tuberculosis
  • Endoscopic spine surgery

Arthritis care

Arthritis is the term used to describe deterioration of the knee cartilage.  This causes pain and joint stiffness.  Rheumatism is used to describe pain and discomfort affecting the joints and connective tissues.  Some other medical terms used are:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infective arthritis
  • Traumatic arthritis

Pediatric Orthopedics

The field of Pediatric orthopedics deals in conditions related to musculoskeletal system in children.  Some of the conditions are trauma, metabolic disorders, congenital malformations, and genetic abnormalities such as club foot, susceptibility to dislocations, pseudoarthrosis, congenital deformities, etc.

Correctible procedures are done for:

  • Congenital limb and spinal deformity
  • Bone and joint infection
  • Juvenile arthritis

Ortho-Oncology / Bone Oncology Surgery

This surgery is done to resect a cancerous bone tumour along with a margin of healthy bone surrounding it. Radiation therapy needs to be given following surgery.

Reconstructive and Salvage Procedures

Reconstructive and Salvage surgeries are done for polio, infection of the bone, implants and prosthesis, complex fractures, congenital deformities, etc.